Medicinal Uses of Phyllanthus Amarus," Bhui-amla","Bhui-amalaki, Tamalki",Herbal Medicinal Plant,Herbal Medicos

Medicinal Uses of Phyllanthus Amarus," Bhui-amla","Bhui-amalaki, Tamalki",Herbal Medicinal Plant,Herbal Medicos



Phyllanthus Amarus




Ayurvedic name Bhui-amalaki, Tamalki
Unani name         Bhui-amla
Hindi name Bhui Aamla
Trade name Bhui-amla
Parts used Whole plant


Therapeutic Uses
The plant is widely used to tone-up sluggish liver and also given in chronic liver condition and jaundice.  In Unani medicine, the plant is used in jaundice as deobstruent, diuretic, cooling and astringent. In recent studies, the herb and its root have exhibited antiviral actions on hepatitis B. 

Phyllanthus Amarus

Morphological Characteristics
Phyllanthus amarus is an annual herb 60 to 75 cm tall, quite glabrous. Root is stout and woody. Stems are often branched at base and angular. Leaves are numerous, sub-sessile, disticthious, stipulate and paripinnate with small leaflets. The leaflets are oblong, having nerve obscure and base rounded. Root is stout tortuous and woody.

Floral Characteristics
Flowers are very minute, shortly pedicelled numerous and axillary and yellowish in colour.  Sepals are 5-6, ovate-oblong outer acute, coriaceous with pale margins; disk in both sexes of glands; male flowers 1-3 pedicelled; female flowers are solitary, larger and erect. Stamens are 3, sessile on a short column didynamous, styles minute, reflaxed very short.  The fruit is capsule, minute, globose and dehiscent. Seeds are with strong parallel and transverse ribs.

Distribution
Throughout  India.

Climate and Soil 
The plant grows in tropical and subtropical climate over well drained sandy -loam soil for its luxurious growth.

Propagation Material
Seeds (They are viable upto six months from the time of harvest).

Agro-technique 

Nursery Technique

Raising Propagules:  Seeds are sown in raised nursery beds during June after rains and seedlings later transplanted on ridges in well laid out plots.

Seed Rate and Pretreatment:  About 4 kg seed may be needed for raising seedlings for planting on one hectare of area. No specific pretreatment of seed is recommended.  
  
Planting in the Field

Land Preparation and Fertilizer Application:  The soil should be ploughed, harrowed and plucked and made into a fine tilth. 20 tonnes of FYM is applied during land preparation. For nursery beds, farm yard manure at the rate of 10 t/ha is mixed in the soil along with 100 gm Azospirillum + 100 gm Phosphobacteria + 100 gm Trichoderma as basal medium.  In main field 25-30 t/ha of FYM is applied as a basal medium + 2.5 kg Azospirillum + 2.5 kg Phosphobacteria is given before transplantation. 

Transplanting and Optimum Spacing: 15-20 days old seedlings of 8-10 cm height are transplanted at 30 cm distance in rows in the field immediately after the first monsoon shower.  If there is no rain; the field should be irrigated immediately after transplantation. For one hectare area about 4.0 lacs seedlings are needed at an optimum spacing of 25X25 cm.

Interculture and Maintenance Practices: The crop needs hand weeding at 30 and 60 days interval after planting.

Irrigation: Irrigation is required during dry season if monsoon rains is scanty.  The frequency of irrigation depends on the moisture content of soil.

Disease and Pest Control:  Powdery mildew disease occurs during rainy season. This is controlled by spraying biopesticides like Azadirachtin, Trichoderma viridie, Pseudomonas cholotorapsis etc.

Harvest Management

Crop Maturity and Harvesting:   The crop matures in 80-90 days when it should be harvested; it has maximum active chemical ingredients at fruiting. However, seeds collection is done after 110-120 days old crop. 

Post-harvest Management:  Whole plant is pulled manually and shade dried. The dried herb is stored in polythene lined gunny bags at cool, well ventilated godowns.

Chemical Constituents:  The herb contains three crystalline lignans including phyllanthine and hypophyllanthine (non-bitter part).  In addition, five flavonoids have been identified viz. quercetine, astralgin, quercitrin, isoquecitrin and rutin.  Four alkaloids have also been separated.  The total phyllanthin lignans range between 1 to 1.2% in the dry herb.

Yield and Cost of Cultivation:  A yield of 2 to 3 t/ha of dry herb is obtained.   Rs-27,500/- is the cost of cultivation for one hactare.













 किडनी स्टोन या यूरिन ब्लैडर स्टोन (गुर्दे या पेशाब की थैली मे पथरी)  आपको बता रहे है देसी नुक्ता बहुत ही सस्ता व सरल उपाय

किडनी स्टोन या यूरिन ब्लैडर स्टोन (गुर्दे या पेशाब की थैली मे पथरी) आपको बता रहे है देसी नुक्ता बहुत ही सस्ता व सरल उपाय



किडनी स्टोन या यूरिन ब्लैडर स्टोन (गुर्दे या पेशाब की थैली मे पथरी)
आपको बता रहे है देसी नुक्ता बहुत ही सस्ता व सरल उपाय..... कई बार का आजमाया हुआ नुक्ता....

ऐसा करे कि पंसारी की दुकान से 100 ग्राम अम्बा हल्दी ले आए। इसको मोटा मोटा सा कूट ले दरदरा कर ले इमामदस्ते मे। अब इसकी 10 बराबर मात्रा की पुडिया बना ले।

रोजाना सुबह 1 पुडिया 2 गिलास पानी मे धीमी आग पर पकाए, ढक कर। जब पानी आधा गिलास बचे तो उतार कर ठंडा कर ले। अब इस आध गिलास पानी को तीन बार मे पीना है, सुबह नास्ते बाद, दोपहर खाने के बाद व शाम के खाने के बाद। पेशाब जयादा आयेगा...सादा पानी जितना जयादा पियेगे....उतनी ही तेजी से पथरी गल कर निकलेगी। पेशाब का प्रेशर बिलकुल भी नही रोकना है, आलस ना करे,इससे हानि भी हो सकती है। रात मे भी जितनी बार जगें, पेशाब करने जरूर जाये।

यह दस पुडिया दस दिन मे समाप्त करके बारहवे दिन X-Ray या अलट्रासाउंड कराके देख ले,पथरी कितनी बची है या खत्म हो गई ?? जरूरत पडे तो दुबारा शुरु कर दे। यह एक कारगर दवाई है

* नोट करे : यह नुक्ता सिर्फ किडनी स्टोन या यूरिन ब्लैडर स्टोन (गुर्दे या पेशाब की थैली मे पथरी) के लिए है, पित्ते  की पथरी के लिए नहीं है
8 Super foods for stronger immunity

8 Super foods for stronger immunity





Poor nutrition often leads to increased infections. How your body interacts with the foreign invaders depends on your immune system. A healthy diet with essential minerals, vitamins and antioxidants goes a long way in building and maintaining your immunity. Moreover, our immunity is at its lowest during seasonal change and therefore, this is the best time to load up on immunity-boosting foods. Sonia Narang, nutrition expert, Oriflame India, lists out some super foods that you must include in your diet to keep away the winter woes.

1. Maca root - Ashwagandha root is an ancient herb. It is the ginseng of ayurvedic medicine, the traditional medicine of India and is considered an adaptogen -- a term used to describe herbs that improve physical energy and athletic ability, increase immunity and help fight the infections and increase sexual capacity and fertility.

2. Turmeric - It has a global reputation forboosting immunity. It acts as an anti-bacterial, anti-fungal and anti-viral agent and helps in boosting the overall functioning of our immune system. It can be taken in warm milk for its best benefits.

3. Chia seeds - These powerful seeds are an amazing source of protein, omega 3 fatty acids and important minerals. It is best taken when soaked in water overnight.

4. Carrots - This root vegetable contains high amounts of beta carotene which the body converts into Vitamin A. Vitamin Ahelps to protect against infection and reduces the risk and duration of respiratory illnesses by keeping our lungs healthy. It is an excellent food to protect the skin from ageing.

5. Garlic- It has been used for thousands of years in the treatment of illness and disease. Its compound called allicin has potent medicinal properties which helps combat sickness, cold and cough.

6. Fennel - This licorice-tasting winter vegetable offers more than just a unique tang. Fennel is low in calories yet high in phytonutrient anethole, which may help boost the immune response.

7. Beetroot - It is packed with beneficial phytochemicals and antioxidants which protect the immune system by fighting off destructive free radicals.

8. Dark Chocolate - Cocoa-based dark chocolate is one of the best natural sources of antioxidants, iron, magnesium and zinc. Zinc, an important trace mineral, is important for immune function. 
मूत्र कष्ट - पेशाब में रुकावट।

मूत्र कष्ट - पेशाब में रुकावट।



5 मिनट में इलाज। 
मूत्र कष्ट - पेशाब में रुकावट। 
अगर किसी भी कारण से पेशाब नहीं उतर रहा या बूँद बूँद उतर रहा हैं तो इसके लिए एक रामबाण इलाज हैं फिटकरी। 
एक गिलास पानी में थोड़ी फिटकरी घोल कर पीले, 5 से 10 मिनट में पेशाब उतर आएगा वह भी बिना रुकावट के। फिटकरी इतनी घोल ले के पानी थोड़ा खारा सा हो जाए। 
अगर पथरी भी हैं वो भी ये प्रयोग 3 से 4 दिन करने से निकल जाएगी। 
ये इलाज मैंने कई लोगो पर आजमाया हैं और पूर्ण सफलता पायी हैं।  
Medicinal Uses of  Paederia scandens,"Gandheli","Parsarini","Gandha Prasarani", Herbal Medicinal Plant,Herbal Medicos

Medicinal Uses of Paederia scandens,"Gandheli","Parsarini","Gandha Prasarani", Herbal Medicinal Plant,Herbal Medicos



Paederia Scandens 



Ayurvedic name Gandha Prasarani
Unani name       Gandhali, Parsarini
Hindi name         Gandheli
Trade name        Gandha Prasarini
Parts used        Whole Plant


Medicinal Uses
Whole plant is used in Indian System of Medicines.  The plant is considered specific for treating rheumatism and all types of neurological diseases.  It is extensively used in paraplegia, rheumatism and sciatica.

Paederia Scandens 

Morphological Characteristics
Paederia scandens is a slender, glabrous, twining shrub, foetid when bruised.  Its leaves are opposite 5-15X1.8- 5.0 cm in dimension with long petiole, ovate or lanceolate, base acute or rounded. Petiole is 1.0- 2.5 cm long. Flowers are in panicles, 5-12 cm long, puberulous, cymose at the extremity and bracts are minute and ovate. 

Floral Characteristics
Flowers are sessile and pedicelled; calyx is small, tube campanulate; corolla is tomentose. Fruit is crowned by the conical disk and minute calyx-teeth. 

Distribution
It is mainly found in lower tracts of Eastern Himalayan States viz. Assam, Bengal and Bihar, North East States upto 800 meter.

Climate and Soil
The crop can be grown under the hot and humid climatic conditions, where average relative humidity is high (85%) and maximum & minimum temperature varies between 160C and 300C respectively and rainfall is 150-200 cm. It is cultivated in plains to a higher altitude upto 600 m above msl. Soil should be sandy-loam and acidic in nature.

Propagation Material
Vegetative  propagation by cuttings.

Propagation Material

Vegetative  propagation by cuttings.

Agro-technique 


Nursery Technique

Raising Propagules:  Cuttings may be planted in raised beds at 10 cm apart row and 5 cm within a row. Double node stem with leaves is recommended for planting in the month of August and September.  Seed germination is low around 25-30%.

Propagule Rate and Pretreatment: 22,400 cuttings/ha are required. Growth hormone like IBA may be used for early sprouting.  


Planting in the Field

Land Preparation and Fertilizer Application:  Land should be prepared to fine tilth before planting. FYM @ 15- 20 t/ha can be applied for good initial growth. NPK @ 100:50:50 kg/ha may be applied by broadcasting.  A dose of nitrogen based fertilizer at 40 kg may be applied after each harvest.

Transplanting and Optimum Spacing:    Best time of transplanting sprouted cuttings is during September in Assam. Staking is to be provided when it attains a height of 90 cm or over. Optimum spacing is recommended at 60X60 cm.

Intercropping System:  Winter vegetables may be grown as intercrop.

Interculture and Maintenance Practices:Hoeing along with weeding, is necessary at 45 days after planting; thereafter, once in a year.

Irrigation Practices:  It is a rainfed crop in Assam.

Weed Control: Weeding is done at 60 and 90 days after transplantation. However, where-ever pre-emergence weedicide like simazine @ 2.0 kg/ha, or oxyflurefen @ 2.0 kg/ha is applied, the weeding could be delayed to 120 days and thereafter after each harvest.

Disease and Pest Control: No pest and diseases have been observed in the trial plantation.


Harvest Management

Crop Maturity and Harvesting:   Crop matures after six months. First harvest of vines can be done at 6 months (March-April) from the date after transplantation; thereafter, at 4 months interval (July-August and October-November.) Winter harvesting is not advisable. 

Chemical Constituents: Plant contains friedelan-3-one, β-sitosterol and epifriedelinol; the leaves and stem gave iridoid glycosides – asperuloside, paederoside and scandoside; sitosterol, stigmasterol, campesterol; ursolic acid, hentriacontane, hentriacontanol, ceryl alcohol, palmitic acid and methyl mercaptan.

Yield:   Yield 1.2 t/ha (Dry weight basis) annually. 
























Medicinal Uses of Cowhage,"Horse-eye Bean","Gonca","Kauncha","Kavach","Kapikachu", "Atmagupta,"Herbal Medicinal Plant,Herbal Medicos

Medicinal Uses of Cowhage,"Horse-eye Bean","Gonca","Kauncha","Kavach","Kapikachu", "Atmagupta,"Herbal Medicinal Plant,Herbal Medicos




 Mucuna Pruriens 


Ayurvedic name             Kapikachu, Atmagupta
Unani name                    Konch
Hindi name                     Gonca, Kauncha, Kavach
English name                 Cowhage, Horse-eye Bean
Trade name                     Koncha, Kaunch beej
Parts used                       Seeds


Medicinal Uses
Seeds are used as tonic, aphrodisiac and the in treatment of Parkinson’disease. The decoction of the seeds is used in rheumatic ailments.  Farmers raise it as a fodder and green manuring crop in Central and Southern Indian States.




Mucuna Pruriens 


Morphological Characteristics
The plant is an annual, climbing shrub with long vines that can reach over 15 meters in length. When the plant is young, it is almost completely covered with fuzzy hairs, shed with age. The leaves are tri-pinnate, ovate, or rhomboid shaped. In young plants, both sides of the leaves are hairy.

Floral Characteristics  
The flowers are arranged in axillary arrayed panicles, 15 to 32 cm long and each have two to many flowers. The accompanying leaves are about 12.5 cm long.  The vines come into flowering after 120-125 days of sowing and continue to bear flowers and fruits till 180-200 days. Mucuna pruriens bears white, lavender or purple flowers. Its pods are about 10-20 cm long and are covered with loose white to creamish hairs that cause a severe itching if they come in contact with skin. The chemical compounds responsible for the itch are a protein, mucunain and serotinin. The seeds are shiny black, brown or spotted white in colour. 

Pod Characteristics
Pods are 4 to 10 cm long, 1 to 2 cm wide at the time of maturity. The husk is very hairy and carries upto seven seeds. The seeds are round or flattened, uniform, ellipsoid, 1.0 to 1.9 cm long, 0.8 to 1.3 cm wide and 4 to 6.5 cm thick. The hilum, the base of the funiculus (connection between placenta and seeds) is surrounded by a significant arillus (fleshy seeds shell).

Distribution
Globally this species is widely distributed in the tropical regions of Asia and Pan Tropics. It is found in most part of India, upto 1000 meter elevation includes Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

Climate and Soil

The crop grows in all types of soils, but sandy loam soil with good drainage and pH between 5.50 to 7.50 is preferred. It thrives in sub-tropical to tropical climate with a minimum temperature of 150C in winter and maximum of 380C in summer months.  The crop is seen growing in varied climate such as coastal humid climate to dry arid climate.  Hence the crop is said to be highly acclimatizing and adaptive.

Propagation Material

Seeds.

Agro-technique 

Nursery Technique

Raising Propagules: The crop is raised by direct sowing of seeds in the field. The seed is treated with captal or any other contact fungicide before planting to protect against soil borne diseases.   

Planting in the Field

Seed Viability:  The seeds harvested from the mature fruits are viable for more than two years, recording viability of more than 90%. The germination percentage declines after 2 to 3 years of storage.

Land Preparation and Fertilizer Application:  The field should be ploughed well to make the soil porous to facilitate germination and sprouting of seeds. Farmyard manure at the rate of 10 to 20 t/ha at the time of land preparation is applied to the field.

Time of Planting:  It is 180 to 200 days duration crop and is sown in last week of June prior to onset of rainy season.  The germination takes 8 to 10 days and the field is stocked with young growing vines in 9 months period.  These vines need support of bamboo sticks for better growth and higher seed production.

Spacing: Results from field experiments have shown that planting at a distance of 1X0.75 m/ha or 1.0X0.6 m/ha depending upon soil fertility produces 2.5 to 3.0 t/ha of seed on pandal support system.

Manure and Fertilizers:   Field experiments on the use of fertilizers have shown that 75, 50 and 50 kg/ha of N, P2O5 and K2O respectively produce high seed yield.  They are applied preferably in 2 to 3 doses. The fertilizers P and K are applied along with FYM at the time of sowing. The crop begins to produce mature pods after 140 days and 2 to 3 pickings of pods are taken at the interval of 20 days during pod maturing.  The pods are plucked when they turn brown and appear drying.

Irrigation:  It is given fortnightly irrigation during dry season and one irrigation per month in winter during pod picking is required.

Disease and Pest Control:   Sometimes, collar rot during initial stges of seedling growth has been found; which can be managed by appication of 2 kg Trichorich (a formulation oof trichoderma in neem cake) and 2 kg Pseudomonas fluorescens mixed with 500 kg FYM and applied to the root region. Amongst insect pests, the leaf eating hairy caterpillar is found to damage the crop during pre-flowering stage. To control the pest, Neem soap is recommended to be sprayed at the rate of 5 gm/lit.

Harvest Management

Crop Maturity and Harvesting:  The crop matures in about 140 days after sowing. Mature pods are harvested to collect seeds from the pods. At the time of harvesting the pods turn to greyish brown in colour indicating maturity for picking. Normally 3-7 seeds are found in a pod and 5-6 pods per inflorescence are generally available. Thus, about 25-30 bunches can be harvested per plant.  Normally 100 seeds weigh 90-110gm. 

Post-harvest Management:   The pods thus harvested from the field are dried in the sunlight for 4-7 days; the seeds are further dried in shade to reach approximately 7-8% moisture in the seeds. The seeds are normally stored in gunny bags made of jute and then covered with polythene to protect from absorption of atmospheric moisture. 

Chemical Constituents:   The seeds contain high amounts of L-DOPA that is used in the treatment of Parkinson’s disease.  It also contains lecithin, a glucoside and a number of alkaloids including nicotine, prurienine, pruriedine, the seed kernel contain fatty oil. 

Yield:    Seed yield is high between 2.5 to 3.0 t/ha on large scale cultivation.  The L-DOPA content from the seed range between 3 to 4%.  A high yielding culture called “Zhandu Kanchha” is developed through crossing and selection by Zandu Foundation of Health Care.  It yields high L-DOPA (4.5%) and high seed yield; the seed is devoid of stinging hairs. Rs. 20000/- is the cost of cultivation for one hactare.